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2019年东营市英语专业教师招聘考试英语学科知识历年真题

第二部分英语专业知识

31.The process of aging and eventual death must be considered as the natural progression of the life cycle of old people making ways for _________ young.

A.a

B.an

C.the

D.不填

32.Some people hate coffee _________ prefer to drink tea.Others enjoy drinking both.

A.and

B.otherwise

C.or

D.so

33.I still don't understand why you choose to become astronaut _________ .After all, you could have taken over your family business.

A.at the first thought

B.at the first sight

C.in the first place

D.in the first case

34.People who live in the north US are more generous with tips than_________ living in the south.

A.those

B.these

C.that

D.ones

35.Though he is always old, we can't_________ his accomplishments.

A.reduce

B.diminish

C.lower

D.decrease

36.Fifty days _________ like a long period for me to wait for the result ofthe examination.

A.seem

B.seems

C.is seeming

D.are seeming

37.So far economic and technological changes _________ shifts in thinking: too-cheap smart phones and mobile data opened young Indians to global trends and dating apps, while the mushrooming of India's information technology sector has created a richer generation of urban youth.

A.spurred

B.have spurred

C.Spur

D.spurs

38.Its website says the concert is a living history museum _________people can gather andcultural artists create experience for the entire community to enjoy.

A.the one                                   

B.that

C.on which

D.where

39.—What do you think of the bike you bought yesterday?

—At least it's_________the one my father bought for me three years ago.

A.no better than

B.as better as

C.no worse than

D.as bad as

40.Jenny depicted Paris as a romantic and spectacular place, as if she_________there bofore.

A.has been

B.had been

C.was

D.were

41.This new type of machine is said to be expensive but effective, but_________.

A.hardly after have I used it              

B.hardly have I used before it

C.hardly I have used it before           

D.hardly have I used it before

42.My computer had a_________system because it ceased to function just several minutes ago.

A.defensive                              

B.deficient

C.inadequate                                    

D.disabled

43.Amy majors in arts,_________in her mother's footsteps.

A.following                             

B.followed

C.to followed                              

D.having followed

44._________that what you said is true he would be here now.

A.Supposed                           

B.Supposing

C.Was supposed                               

D.Was supposing

45._________ I smoke here?

No, you _________, because here is a non-smoking area.

A.Can; wouldn't

B.May; can't

C.Would; mustn't

D.May; wouldn't

 

阅读理解

A

As Egyptian high school students take their final exams this month, the government is facing a wave of criticism and mockery after copies of at least two test papers-and their answers-were leaked on Facebook.

The leaks, which caused one of the tests to be cancelled, have resulted in a barrage of criticism of the Education Ministry, as well as the police and military officers who guard the wax-sealed boxes that the exams are kept in before students take them.

The exams were leaked on a Facebook page by someone, or a group, called Chao Ming. For the past 4 years, Chao Ming posted answers during testing, allowing cheating by students flouring a ban on cellphones. This year is believed to be the first time that Chao Ming has posted copies of the exams and answers before testing takes place.

Chao Ming has spawned a host of imitators who use Facebook and other online platforms to help students cheat–and taunt the authorities.

The scandal has highlighted disgruntlement with the declining quality of public education in Egypt, but has also drawn contrasts between the government's bumbling efforts to stanch the leaks and its harsh crackdown on free speech and political freedoms in Egypt.

The regime can't protect a couple of papers, Mina Salib, a political activist in Alexandria,wrote in a facebook post that was widely liked,"Excuse me, but how are they supposed to protect a country?”

About 570000 Egyptian high school students are taking the exams, known as Thanaweya Amma tests, which determine admission to state-run universities and institutes. The pressure to succeed is intense, and many describe the tests as a nerve-racking experience that often leaves students crying outside exam centers.

This year's tests started on June 5 and were due to end on June 28. The Facebook leaks led to the cancellation of a theology exam, which will be held again on June 29.

The police arrested Mohanad Ahmed, an 18-year-old high school student from Alexandria,who later appeared on the television confessing to running"Chao Ming helps Thanaweya Amma cheat”,the series of Facebook pages that posted the exams. But many students and parents have questions whether Mr. Ahmed is the originator of the leaks because of widespread doubts about the official narrative.

Experts say the quality of state education in Egypt has declined in recent years because of overcrowded classrooms, poorly trained teachers and exams based on rote learning. At the same time, the importance of the Thanaweya Amma tests has increased because greater economic hardship in the country has put private colleges beyond the reach of many Egyptians.

In Parliament on June 11,the education minister,EL-Hilali, blamed the leaks on the use of electronic devices such as credit cards that can function as telephone, surgically inserted headphones and high-tech reading glasses.

Mr. Sherbini proposed cutting internet access across Egypt for an hour before all exams,to counter future leaks, and disrupting cellphone signals in examination halls, according to several lawmakers present at the session.

Cellphone are forbidden in Egyptian exam halls, but the Education Ministry acknowledges that the ban is hard to enforce. “They hide the phones in sensitive areas,” Bashir Hassan, the ministry’s spokesman, said. "No one is going to search those areas, so what are we supposed to do about it?”

B

Police and education officials said 25 people had been arrested in connection with the leaks and for helping with cheating in general. They include seven Education Ministry employees and four officials from the country's seat of Sunni scholarship, Al-Azhar. If convicted, they could be sentenced to a year in prison and fined up to about $5600.

1. What's the main idea of the passage?

A. The phenomenon of cheating in final exams in Egyptian high schools was serious.

B. Facebook should be prohibited.

C. Thanaweya Amma tests are very important to Egyptian high school students.

D. The criticism of Egypts education system intensifies after leaks of exam papers and answers.

2.The leaks of answers led to       .

A people's dissatisfaction with the declining quality of public education in Egypt

B. all of the tests' cancellation

C flattering to the Education Ministry

D. lots of praises for the police and military officials

3. About Chao Ming, which of the statements is NOT correct?

A. The papers and answers of the exams were leaked on Facebook by Chao Ming.

B Students could cheat by cellphone with the help of Chao Ming,s posting of answers during testing.

C. It was not the first time that Chao Ming had posted copies of the exams and answers before testing.

D. Many imitators used Facebook and other online platforms to help students cheat in exams.

4.In the education minister's opinion, what should be done to solve the problem?

A. Encourage the use of electronic devices

B. Cut internet access across Egypt for half an hour before all exams

C. Disrupt cellphone signals in examination halls

D. Search students' sensitive areas for phones

5.The author developed the passage by         .

A providing typical examples of the online platforms

B. presenting and analyzing the details, influence and measures of the event

C. interviewing the relevant people

D. comparing opinions from different people

 

New research contradicts a common diet tip believed to help people eat less. The popular tip follows that serving food on a smaller plate tricks a person into believing they are eating more than when served the same amount on a larger plate. However, a new study published in Appetite suggests that when people are hungry, plate sizes don't matter-they are more likely to dish up the same amount of food regardless of how it's served.

The long-held belief takes after the Delboeuf illusion, an optical illusion on how people perceive size. In the experiment, two identical circles are placed near each other, one of which is surrounded by the other circle. The surrounded circle seems larger than the other. When it comes to dieting, previous research suggests people perceive food proportions differently pending on whether it is served on a larger or smaller plate. If you're looking to eat less, serving food on a smaller plate was thought to trick the eater's mind into believing they are eating more, allowing them to consume less. However, other research has recently begun to call this belief into question.

“Plate size doesn't matter as much as we think it does, ”said Dr Tzvi Ganel in a statement.“Even if you're hungry and haven't eaten, or are trying to cut back on portions, a serving looks similar whether it fills a smaller plate or is surrounded by empty space on a large one.”

Researchers gave study participants photos of pizza placed on large and small trays to one group who hadn't eaten for three hours and to another group of people who had eaten recently.Those who were hungry were better equipped to judge proportions, but that,'s where the ability to accurately perceive size ends. Both groups were then asked to compare black circles and hubcaps placed in differently sized circles-a task they were equally bad at. As it turns out, hunger stimulates a human response strong enough to resist being fooled by an optical illusion, reducing biases for food but not other stimuli. People who aren't hungry, though, are less likely to identify food proportions correctly.

“Over the last decade, restaurants and other food businesses have been using progressively smaller dishes to the perceptual bias that it will reduce food consumption, said Ganel "This study

debunks that notion. When people are hungry, especially when dieting, they are less likely to be fooled by the plate size, more likely to realize they are eating less and more prone to overeating later.”

1. In the he experiment mentioned in the second paragraph, there are       circles.

A. one

B. two

C. three

D. four

2. The meaning of the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 is          .

A researchers doubt this belief

B. this belief s name is question

C. researchers have begun to solve the question

D. the research supports this belief

3. According to the passage, the TRUE statement below is         .

A. during the pizza-photo test, both groups could identify the food size correctly

B.hungry people are less easily cheated by an optical illusion, and this conclusion applies to all objects

C. the reason why restaurants use small dishes is that it can save money

D. the Delboeuf illusion was applied to dieting

4. The meaning of the underlined word"debunks" in the last paragraph is        .

A. overturn

B. bundle

C. debate

D. conceal

5. According to the sentence "more likely to realize they are eating less and more prone to overeating later", we can infer that             .

A. hungry people will probably eat less

B. hungry people will probably have a proper diet

C. hungry people will probably overeat

D. hungry people cannot change their eating habits

 

语法填空    

For expat parents, passing on their native languages can be a struggle.“You understand grandmother 1 she talks to you, don’t you, darling?” The girl nods. Johnson 2 her—and her Danish mother and English father—at the airport, en route toDenmark. The parents were eager to discuss their experience of bringing 3 their daughterbilingually in London. It isn’t easy: the husband does not speak Danish, so the child hears the language only from her mother, who has come to accept that she will reply in English.

 

This can be 4. Not 5 your first language with loved ones is hard. Not passing it on to your own child can be especially tough. Manyexpatandimmigrant parents feel a sense of failure; they wring their hands and share 6 on parenting forums and social media, hoping to find the secret to nurturing bilingual children successfully.

 

Children are linguistic sponges, 7 this doesn’t mean that cursoryexposure is enough. They must hear a language quite a bit 8 it—and use it often to be able to speak 9 comfortably. This is mental work, and a child who doesn’t have a motive to speak a language— either a need 10 a strong desire— will often avoid it. Children’s brains are already busy enough.

 

改错题:

The passage contains TEN errors.You should proofread the passage and correct the ten errors.

Last week, when I got home before school, no one was at home.I went to my parents' bedroom and found a wallet on the desk.So I felt very excited but also scared, so I wanted to buy a dress.But I was afraid of be a thief.Finally I decided to take away off small amount of money, so that my mother would not realize.Next day, when dinner began, my mother said she must be older enough to forget about how to get money lost.I knew the truth and feel shameful.These was my secret and I decided to put the money on the corner and let my mother finding it.I would not make same mistake again.

 

写作题

    “没有一点闯的精神,没有一点的精神,没有一股气呀,就走不出一条好路,走不出一条新路,就干不出新的事业。站立于改革40多年的时间坐标,回味邓小平同志的南方谈话,依然给予人以深刻启迪、澎湃的力量。请围绕“Risk-taking”这个话题,自定标题,自选角度,写一篇英语作文。

要求:1.观点明确,条理清晰,结构完整,语言流畅。

2.词数200词左右。

 


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1.英语教师招聘专业知识高分题库上、下册

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3.英语教师招聘专业知识真题卷、考前卷更新(电子版)

4.英语教师招聘专业知识笔记及考点归纳整理(电子版)

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